Piano scales include the major, the minor, the melodic major, the harmonic minor, the pentatonic major, the pentatonic minor, the blues scales and so on, the list is endless.
But what exactly are piano scales? They are series of notes that fall and rise in a given order. How high or low that a pitch can actually go depends on the key that has been hit. If you have heard of hertz, this is what piano pitches are measured with. Just like in all aspects of learning the piano successfully, you need a patient teacher to be able to learn and use piano scales successfully.
A good teacher will make sure that you learn the fingering positions the proper way and this can only be mastered with many hours of practice. The minute you understand these piano scales, you will find that playing becomes a lot easier and you can even create your own piece or even rework your favorite pieces with much success.
Sufficient practice time is crucial in learning these piano scales because you cannot afford to be imprecise. This demands for a lot of your time because you have to practice very slowly. This is because they can be somehow confusing especially for someone who has no experience at all.
Another trick is alternating hands while practicing your piano scales is by beginning with the one you consider the weaker of the two. This means that if you are right-handed then your weak hand will be the left one, start with this one and after you have mastered it play with the right one. Play slowly at first and add speed as you get better.
Blues scales are probably the ones to begin with for the beginner. This is because they are not only easy to play, they are fun as well. We will try to play the blues just so you can get an idea on how easy they are. There are different variations of this scale but we are going to play the most common one. If we decide to take the C key, then we will play the C, then E flat, an F, F sharp, G,B flat and C again. For the best fingering try 1234 12, then to play more than a single octave we will use this same fingering and to drop a bit we will use the third finger to hit the last C. The same fingering will apply as we go down; this means that after the C, its 321 4321 all the way down to C.
Blues scales are the best piano scales if you want to learn improvisation. When practicing it is not wise to sit very close to your keyboard or piano, take on the most comfortable posture you can afford, level your hands and curve your fingers, this will ensure that you practice for a longer period without tiring. In short piano scales are used to familiarize one self with a new or difficult piece.